DIRECTIONS for the questions 1 to 2: In each of these questions, a statement is followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. Mark answer as :
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DIRECTIONS for the question 6 to 10: Read the passages given below and answer the questions that follow each passage.
I hope my reader will be convinced, at his very entrance of this work, that he will find in the whole course of it nothing prejudicial to the cause of religion and virtue, nothing inconsistent with the strictest rules of decency, nor which can offend even the chastest eye in the perusal. On the contrary, I declare that to recommend goodness and innocence has been my sincere endeavour in this history. This honest purpose you have been pleased to think I have attained: and to say the truth, it is likeliest to be attained in books of this kind; for an example is a kind of picture, in which virtue becomes, as it were, an object of sight, and strikes us with that loveliness, which Plato assures there is in her naked charms.
Besides displaying that beauty of virtue which may attract the admiration of mankind, I have attempted to engage a stronger motive to human action in her favour, by convincing men, that their true interest directs them to a pursuit of her. For this purpose I have shown that no acquisitions of guilt can compensate the loss of that solid inward comfort of mind, which is the sure companion of innocence and virtue; nor can in the least balance the evil of horror and anxiety, which in their room, guilt introduces in our bosoms. And again, that as these acquisitions are in themselves generally worthless, so are the means to attain them not only base and infamous, but at best uncertain, and always full of danger. Lastly, I have endeavored strongly to inculcate, that virtue and innocence can scarce ever be injured but by indiscretion; and that it is this alone which often betrays them into the snare that deceit and villainy spread for them. A moral which I have the more industriously laboured, as the teaching it is, of all others, the likeliest to be attended with success; since, I believe, it is much easier to make good men wise, than bad men good.
For these purposes, I have employed all the wit and humour of which I am master in the following history; wherein I have endeavoured to laugh mankind out of its favourite follies and vices. How far I have succeeded in this good attempt, I shall submit to the candid reader, with only two requests: first, that he will not expect to find perfection in this work; and secondly, that he will excuse some parts of it, if they fall short of that little merit which I hope may appear in others.
I will detain you, sir, no longer. Indeed I have run into a preface, while I professed to write a dedication. But how can it be otherwise? I dare not praise you; and the only means I know of to avoid it, when you are in my thoughts, are either to be entirely silent, or to turn my subjects to some other subject.
Pardon, therefore, what I have said in this epistle, not only without your consent, but absolutely against it; and give me leave, in this public manner, to declare that I am, with the highest respect, and gratitude, Sir, Your most obliged, obedient, humble servant....
The tone used by the author in the beginning of the passage can best be described as
Answer: Option D
The writer follows the normal code of conduct of being civil even while he does contrary to what he was asked to do.
How has the author tried to elicit a favourable opinion of virtue from the readers?
By displaying virtue always wins
By showing readers that a thing obtained by a way of virtue gives twice the job compared to a thing obtained by a way of vice
The Govt. has recently decided to provide post qualification professional training to all engineering graduates at its own cost
By substantiating his claim in proving to the readers that nothing got out of unfair means can compensate for the loss of inward peace
All of the above
Answer: Option A
Refer to 2nd paragraph and read, ‘….that virtue and innocence…..indiscretion,’ also, ‘A moral which………success.’
In the first paragraph, 'Her naked charms' - 'her' here refers to
Answer: Option A
Refer to the 1st paragraph and read, ‘…in which virtue becomes………charms.’
The author seeks forgiveness because
he has detained the reader
he did not seek his patron's permission
he went against the wishes of his patron
he wrote a preface instead of a dedication
Answer: Option C
Refer the concluding paragraph, ‘Pardon, therefore,……..against it.’
The preface written by the author is likely to be followed by
an essay on virtue and vice
a play on virtue and vice
a comedy that laughs at absurdities
a fable that stresses the importance and frailties of virtue
Answer: Option A
It is not a play as the writer says, ‘books of this kind’, it is also not a comedy or fable as the writer is stating his own point of view.
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