DIRECTIONS for questions 6 to 10: Read the given passage and answer the questions. According to Inter Press Service, "On global scale, women cultivate more than half of all the food that is grown. In sub-Saharan Africa and the Caribbean, they produce up to 80 percent of basic foodstuffs. In Asia, they account for around 50 percent of food production. In Latin America, they are mainly engaged in subsistence farming, horticulture, poultry and raising small livestock."Yet women often get little recognition for that. In fact, many go unpaid. It is very difficult for these women to get the financial resources required to buy equipment etc, as many societies still do not accept, or realize, that there is a change in the "traditional" roles.UNICEF's 2007 report on state of the world's children focused on the discrimination and disempowerment women face throughout their lives and how that impacts children's lives. In regards to work and pay, they noted the following.Reasons for such disparity include the fact that women are generally underpaid and because they often perform low-status jobs, compared to men. UNICEF notes that the data isn't always perfect, and that generalizations such as the above can hide wider fluctuations. "Brazil, for example, women under the age of 25 earn a higher average hourly wage than their male counterparts."UNICEF's main summary of equality in employment included the following points:For many women, un-paid work in and for the household takes up the majority of their working hours, with much less time spent in remunerative employment. Even when they participate in the labour market for paid employment, women still undertake the majority of the housework.When women work outside the household, they earn, on average, far less than men. They are also more likely to work in more precarious forms of employment with low earnings, little financial security and few or no social benefits.Women not only earn less than men but also tend to own fewer assets. Smaller salaries and less control over household income constrain their ability to accumulate capital.
Women's work is often_________.
unrecognized and unpaid
Answer: Option B. The first two sentences of the second paragraph justifies the selection
In sub Saharan and Caribbean region women produce around __________food.
Answer: Option B. The paragraph justifies the selection
Disempowerment of women affects ________.
Answer: Option C Passage mentions the fact that the lives of children is affected.
Most of the part of women's working hours is often consumed by _________.
husband and family
Answer: Option C "For many women, un-paid work in and for the household takes up the majority of their working hours, with much less time spent in remunerative employment". Thus, option C is the answer.
The text talks about
women's status in society
children's state in the society
Answer: Option C. The passage includes economic as well as domestic exploitation of women. Thus, option C is correct.
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