DIRECTIONS for the question 1 to 5 : Read the passage and answer the questions based on it.
When the thriller writer Robert Ludlum died in March 2001, several of his obituarists tellingly recalled the reaction of a Washington Post reviewer to one of the author's many, phenomenally popular novels: `It's a lousy book. So I stayed up until 3am to finish it.' This anecdotal, tongue-in-cheek confession neatly captures the ambivalence associated with a hugely successful mode of crime writing, a guilty sense that its lack of literary merit has always somehow been inseparable from the compulsiveness with which its narrative pleasures are greedily gobbled up, relegating the thriller to the most undeserving of genres. To describe a thriller as `deeply satisfying and sophisticated' (to pluck a blurb at random from the bookshelves) is already to beg the insidious question: how satisfying and sophisticated can it be?
It might be thought that this kind of skeptical response is likely to be encouraged by any type of popular literature that could be considered formulaic, or that relies upon stock characters or highly conventionalised narrative structures, or whose enjoyment comes from the repetition of certain well-worn themes or devices. But the thriller is unusual in its reliance upon, or subordination to, the single- minded drive to deliver a starkly intense literary effect. Thus, in the words of The New York Times Book Review's suitably lurid verdict on the novel that famously first unleashed Dr Hannibal Lecter upon an unsuspecting public, Thomas Hanis’s Red Dragon (1981) 'is an engine designed for one purpose – to make the pulse pound, the heart palpitate, the fear glands secrete'. Judgements like these, carefully filleted and recycled as paperback blurbs, make a virtual contract with potential purchasers, offering an irresistible reading experience that will stretch them to the limit. To be reckoned 'as good as the crime thriller gets', to quote from the cover of Lawrence Block's A Walk Among The Tombstones (1992), `the suspense' will be `relentless'; indeed it `will hold readers gaga with suspense'.
Of course, such overblown appeals to a hyperventilated state of pleasurably anxious unknowing can easily be dismissed as little more than a sign of the extent to which popular criticism has been debased by the inflated currency of contemporary marketing. But they do offer some important clues to the thriller's provenance and distinctiveness.
Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from the first paragraph?
Robert Ludlum wrote short stories
Literary merit and popularity always go together.
Literary merit and popularity often do not go together.
None of the above.
Answer: Option C. Refer, "This anecdotal .....undeserving of genres". This line means that even though the thriller has no literal sense it still captures the reader.
Dr. Hannibal Lecter is a character created by
Answer: Option C. Refer, "Thus, in the words..... glands secrete. From this line it is clear that this character was introduced in Thomas Hanis' book red dragon.
What expression or word from the passage means "with ironic or flippant intent"?
Answer: Option D. Tongue-in-cheek is related to humour and saying something in a humourous manner, hence this is the answer, as irony is also related to humour.
What expression or word from the passage also means “origin” or “source”?
Answer: Option D. The answer will be option D, because it means source or origin.
What expression or word from the passage also means “resolute”?
Answer: Option B. The word resolute means determined hence the answer is single minded.
DIRECTIONS for the question 6 to 7 : In the following questions, some of the sentences have errors and some are correct. Find out which part of a sentence has an error. The number of that part is your answer. If a sentence is free from errors, then your answer is (E) i.e., No error
My cousin's wedding provided/(A) me with the chance/(B) to meet relatives which/(C) I had not met for a long time./(D). No error(E).
Answer: Option C. Option C, 'whom' in place of 'which' as for living beings 'who' or 'whom' is used and 'which' is used for non living things.
We must ensure that/(A) all our records/(B) are computerised/(C) for next year/(D) . No error(E)
Answer: Option D. option D, 'by' in place of 'for' as the right preposition will be 'by' , since the task is to be completed 'by' that time.
DIRECTIONS for the question 8:In the sentence provided a part of the sentence is underlined. Beneath the sentence, five different ways of paraphrasing the underlined part are indicated. Choose the best alternative amongst the five.
I knew that because I refused to accept the old man's gift, it would have hurt his felings.
not to refuse
if I had refused
should I refused
No correction required.
Answer: Option C. in conditional use of past perfect tense the right structure is 'if ......had.........would have/ could have.'
DIRECTIONS for the question 9 : The first sentence is the introductory sentence; rearrange the remaining sentences to form a logical sequence.
Environmental factors are very important especially the climatic changes
Development of drought resistance could benefit large numbers of farmers.
Hence the human race has no choice but to adapt to these impacts.
India has to be concerned about climatic changes.
This impact can run into decades and centuries.
Environment day is thus an important occasion to assess the past and our future.
Since there is a possibility of adverse impact on agriculture which could deter growth.
Answer: Option A. The opener after the fixed sentence is C as it further explains the topic of 'concern to be shown by India regarding climate changes', also 'climatic changes' can be linked in both the sentences.After this F will come as climate can adversely affect the agriculture and hence future.'Impact' in F can be connected with 'impact' in D.After this B will come as this impact could run for decades and centuries. So DB forms a mandatory pair.'adapt' in B can be linked 'development' in A. The concluding sentence will be E. Hence the order will be CFDBAE.
Which of the following is an assumption implicit in the given statement?
Connectivity to any place plays an important role in the development of the region and hence economy as a whole
Money is more important than infrastructure when it comes to development
Policy mandate is required to keep up the pace with rest of the world
Law and order situation has to be maintained there in order to maintain progress
None of these
Answer: Option A. Option A, as question is laying stress on ‘connectivity’, which is no doubt plays an important role in the development of the industry and hence the business
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