DIRECTIONS for questions 1 to 2: The constituent phrases of a sentence are jumbled up. Select the most appropriate sequence to make the sentence meaningful.
(i) no law giving effect to the policy of the state towards securing all or any of the principles laid in part IV
(ii) notwithstanding anything contained in Article 13
(iii) and no law containing a declaration that it is for giving effect to such policy shall be called in question in any court on the ground that it does not give effect to such policy
(iv) shall be deemed to be void on the ground that it is inconsistent with or takes away or abridges any of the rights conferred by Article 14 or 19
ii, i, iii, iv
iv, i, ii, iii
ii, i, iv, iii
i, ii, iii, iv
Answer: Option C.
Notwithstanding anything contained in article 13, no law giving effect to the policy of the State towards securing all or any of the principles laid down in Part IV shall be deemed to be void on the ground that it is inconsistent with, or takes away or abridges any of the rights conferred by article 14 or article 19; and no law containing a declaration that it is for giving effect to such policy shall be called in question in any court on the ground that it does not give effect to such policy. The correct order is mentioned in C.
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(i) neither House shall proceed further with the Bill,
(ii) if he does so, the houses shall meet accordingly
(iii) but the President may at any time after the date of his notification summon the Houses to meet in a joint sitting for the purpose specified in the notification and,
(iv) where the President has under clause (1) notified his intention of summoning the Houses to meet in a joint sitting,
iv, i, iii, ii
iv, i, ii, iii
iv, ii, iii, i
i, ii, iii, iv
Answer: Option A.
Where the President has under clause (1) notified his intention of summoning the Houses to meet in a joint sitting, neither House shall proceed further with the Bill, but the President may at any time after the date of his notification summon the Houses to meet in a joint sitting for the purpose specified in the notification and, if he does so, the Houses shall meet accordingly. So the correct order is mentioned in option A
DIRECTIONS for questions 3 to 7: Read the given passage carefully and attempt the questions that follow.
It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument which imparts knowledge and therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore, ever since the dawn of our civilization, persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been handmaid of the ruling class. During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society. It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hands of the prince. In other words, it became more secular. Under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like "The Divine Right Theory" and that the king can do no wrong, etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution, education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class, but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of the society. The philosophy which was in vogue during this period was that of "Laissez Faire" restricting the function of the state to a mere keeping of laws and order while on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.
What does the theory "Divine Right of King" stipulate?
The kings are God
That the right of governing is conferred upon the kings by God
They have the right to be worshipped like Gods by their subjects
That the right of kings are divine and therefore sacred
Answer: Option D.
The answer to this question can be inferred after reading the lines “Under the control of the………. can do no wrong, etc.” Moreover the other options are weak options
Who controlled education during the Renaissance?
The common people
The church and the priests
None of these
Answer: Option B.
It is clearly mentioned in the lines “During the Renaissance,……….. hands of the prince.”
What did the ruling class in the Christian Era think of the poor man ?
That he is the beloved of God
That he deserves all sympathy of the rich
That he should be strong and lord over others
That he is meant for serving the rich
Answer: Option D.
It is clearly mentioned in the lines “It taught the poor man…………. the slightest offence.”