Reasoning questions are a part of the first round of Cognizant recruitment process. The purpose of the logical reasoning section is to assess the critical thinking and analytical skills of the candidates. This section features questions from topics like blood relations, directions, syllogism, arrangements, series, analogy, etc. Here are some practice questions from Cognizant Reasoning Test:

**K is a place which is located 2 km away in the north-west direction from the capital P. R is another place that is located 2 km away in the south-west direction from K. M is another place and that is located 2 km away in the north-west direction from R. T is yet another place that is located 2 km away in the south-west direction from M. In which direction is T located in relation to P?**- South-west
- North-west
- West
- North

Answer: Option C

It is clear that T is located to the West of P.

**Find out which of the diagrams given in the alternatives correctly represents the relationship stated in the question.**

Sharks, Whales, Turtles.

- 128
- 132
- 133
- 136

Answer: Option C

Sharks belong to class pisces. Whale is a mammal and Turtle belongs to class reptilia.**Sita is elder than Swapna. Lavanya is elder than Swapna but younger than Sita Suvarna is younger than both Hari and Swapna, Swapna is elder than Hari. Who is the youngest?**- Sita
- Lavanya
- Suvarna
- Hari

Answer: Option C

Sita > Swapna ……….(i)

S Sw

S > Lavanya > Sw …….(ii)

L

Hari, Sw > Suvarna ……(iii)

H Su

Sw > H ………...(iv)

From all the statements

S > L > Sw > H > Su

**After 9'O clock at what time between 9 p.m. and 10 p.m. will the hour and minute hands of a clock point in opposite direction?**- 15 minutes past 9
- 16 minutes past 9
- 16(4/11) minutes past 9
- 17(1/11) minutes past 9

Answer: Option C

At 9 O'clock, the minute hand is 9 × 5 = 45 minute – spaces behind the hour hand. Therefore, the minute hand will have to gain 45 – 30 = 10 minute space over the hour hand.

∵ Gain of 55 minute spaces equals 60 minutes.

∴ Gain of 15 minute spaces equals

Therefore, hour and minute hands of a clock point in opposite direction after 9 O'clock at

=(60 / 55) x 15 = 180 / 11 = 16(4/11)

minutes past 9.**One evening, Raja started to walk toward the Sun. After walking a while, he turned to his right and again to his right. After walking a while, he again turned right. In which direction is he facing?**- South
- East
- West
- North

Answer: Option A

Hence he is facing south.

Cognizant Preparation Links

**Vivek and Ashok start from a fixed point. Vivek moves 3 km north and turns right and then covers 4 km. Ashok moves 5 km west and turns left and walks 3 km. Now how far are they apart?**- 10 km
- 9 km
- 8 km
- 6 km

Answer: Option B

Hence they are 9 km apart.

**MANUFACTURE**- FRACTURE
- MANNER
- MATTER
- FACE

Answer: Option D

M A N U [F A C] T U R [E]**If in a certain language, PLAYER is coded as QNDCJX, then how SINGER will be coded in the same language?**- TKQKJX
- TKJKQX
- TKQKXJ
- TKQXJK

Answer: Option A

The logic followed is that the alphabets in the coded form are increasing by 1, 2, 3….. and so on.**If in a certain code, 95789 is written as EGKPT and 2436 is written as ALUR, then how will 24539 be written in that code?**- ALEUT
- ALGTU
- ALGUT
- ALGRT

Answer: Option C

There is a one to one correspondence as 2 is written as A, 4 is written as L, 5 is written as G, 3 is written as R and 9 is written as T. Hence option D as answer.**If '×' means 'addition' '-' means 'division, '÷' means 'subtraction' and '+' means 'multiplication', then which of the following equations is correct?**- 16 + 5 - 10 × 4 ÷ 3 = 9
- 16 - 5 × 10 ÷ 4 + 3 = 12
- 16 + 5 ÷ 10 × 4 - 3 = 9
- 16 × 5 ÷ 10 ÷ 4 - 3= 19

Answer: Option A

16 + 5- 10 × 4 ÷ 3 = 9

⇒ 16 × 5 ÷ 10 + 4 - 3 = 9

⇒ 8 + 4 - 3 = 9