Aspire Reasoning Questions

DIRECTIONS for the questions 1 to 5 : Solve the following question and mark the best possible option.
‘A # B’ means ‘A is smaller than B’
‘A © B’ means ‘A is greater than B’
‘A π B’ means ‘A is either smaller than or equal to B’
‘A $ B’ means ‘A is either greater than or equal to B’
‘A % B’ means ‘A is neither smaller nor greater than B’
In each of the following questions, assuming the given statements to be true, find out which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true.
  1. Statement:
    L $ M % Q © S # T π P
    Conclusions:
    1. T © L
    2. L © S

    1. if only conclusion I is true
    2. if only conclusion II is true
    3. if either conclusion I or II is true
    4. if neither conclusion I nor II is true
    5. if both conclusion I and II are true

    Answer: Option B
    Given statement: L $ M % Q © S # T π P
    Now, L ≥ M = Q > S < T ≤ P
    Thus, we can‘t compare L and T.
    Hence conclusion I is not true. Again, L © S means L > S which is true. Hence, conclusion II is true.
  2. Statement:
    W # H π I % C $ H © S
    Conclusions:
    1. C $ W
    2. I © S

    1. if only conclusion I is true
    2. if only conclusion II is true
    3. if either conclusion I or II is true
    4. if neither conclusion I nor II is true
    5. if both conclusion I and II are true

    Answer: Option B
    1Given statement. W # H π I % C $ H © S. Now, W < H ≤ I = C ≥ H > S
    Thus, W < C is true. But conclusion C ≥ W is not true.
    Hence conclusion I is not true.
    Again, I > S is true. Hence conclusion II is true.
  3. Statement:
    W % X © Y π Z © R % L
    Conclusions:
    1. Z © L
    2. Y # W
    1. if only conclusion I is true
    2. if only conclusion II is true
    3. if either conclusion I or II is true
    4. if neither conclusion I nor II is true
    5. if both conclusion I and II are true

    Answer: Option E
    Given statement: W % X © Y π Z © R % L
    Now, W = X > Y ≤ Z > R = L
    Thus, Z > L is true. Hence conclusion I is true
    Again, W > Y or Y < W. Hence conclusion II is also true.
DIRECTIONS for the questions 4 to 5 : A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Study the rule and answer the question as directed.
Input : sine 88 71 cos theta 14 56 gamma delta 26
Step I : cos sine 71 theta 14 56 gamma delta 26 88
Step II : delta cos sine theta 14 56 gamma 26 88 71
Step III : gamma delta cos sine theta 14 26 88 71 56
Step IV : sine gamma delta cos theta 14 88 71 56 26
Step V : theta sine gamma delta cos 88 71 56 26 14
and Step V is the last Step of the arrangement of the above input as the intended arrangement is obtained.
As per the rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the following questions the appropriate steps for the given input.
Input for the questions :
Input : for 52 all 96 25 jam road 15 hut 73 bus stop 38 46
(All the numbers given in the arrangement are two digit numbers)
  1. Which word/number would be at 8th position from the right in Step IV ?
    1. 15
    2. Road
    3. Hut
    4. Jam
    5. Stop

    Answer: Option B
    The pattern being followed is that first the words are arranged in reverse EJOTY format followed by the numbers in the decreasing order.
    Input : for 52 all 96 25 jam road 15 hut 73 bus stop 38 46
    Step 1: all for 52 25 jam road 15 hut 73 bus stop 38 46 96
    Step 2: bus all for 52 25 jam road 15 hut stop 38 46 96 73
    Step 3: for bus all 25 jam road 15 hut stop 38 46 96 73 52
    Step 4: hut for bus all 25 jam road 15 stop 38 96 73 52 46
    Step 5: jam hut for bus all 25 road 15 stop 96 73 52 46 38
    Step 6: road jam hut for bus all 15 stop 96 73 52 46 38 25
    Step 7: stop road jam hut for bus all 96 73 52 46 38 25 15
    So required word/number at 8th position from the right in Step IV is road
  2. Which step number would be the following output ?
    bus all for 52 25 jam road 15 hut stop 38 46 96 73
    1. There will be no such step
    2. III
    3. II
    4. V
    5. VI

    Answer: Option C
    The pattern being followed is that first the words are arranged in reverse EJOTY format followed by the numbers in the decreasing order.
    Input : for 52 all 96 25 jam road 15 hut 73 bus stop 38 46
    Step 1: all for 52 25 jam road 15 hut 73 bus stop 38 46 96
    Step 2: bus all for 52 25 jam road 15 hut stop 38 46 96 73
    Step 3: for bus all 25 jam road 15 hut stop 38 46 96 73 52
    Step 4: hut for bus all 25 jam road 15 stop 38 96 73 52 46
    Step 5: jam hut for bus all 25 road 15 stop 96 73 52 46 38
    Step 6: road jam hut for bus all 15 stop 96 73 52 46 38 25
    Step 7: stop road jam hut for bus all 96 73 52 46 38 25 15.
    It is in case of step II.
DIRECTIONS for the questions 6 to 8: Read the information given below and answer the question that follows.
Representatives from eight different Banks viz. A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting around a circular table facing the centre but not necessarily in the same order. Each one of them is from a different Bank viz. UCO Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, Bank of Maharashtra, Canara Bank, Syndicate Bank, Punjab National Bank, Bank of India and Dena Bank.
F sits second to right of the representative from Canara Bank. Representative from Bank of India is an immediate neighbour of the representative from Canara Bank. Two people sit between the representative of Bank of India and B. C and E are immediate neighbours of each other. Neither C nor E is an immediate neighbour of either B or the representative from Canara Bank. Representative from Bank of Maharashtra sits second to right of D. D is neither the representative of Canara Bank nor Bank of India. G and the representative from UCO Bank are immediate neighbours of each other. B is not the representative of UCO Bank. Only one person sits between C and the representative from Oriental Bank of Commerce.
H sits third to left of the representative from Dena Bank. Representative from Punjab National Bank sits second to left of the representative from Syndicate Bank.
  1. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given arrangement and thus form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group ?
    1. H - UCO Bank
    2. A - Canara Bank
    3. D - Bank of Maharashtra
    4. E - Syndicate Bank
    5. F - Punjab National Bank

    Answer: Option B


    Each person specified is two steps away from the Bank specified, except A, who is one step away from Canara Bank. Hence second option.
  2. Which of the following is true with respect to the given seating arrangement ?
    1. B is the representative from Bank of Maharashtra
    2. C sits second to right of H
    3. The representative from Dena Bank sits to the immediate left of the representative from UCO Bank
    4. A sits second to right of the representative from Bank of India
    5. The representatives from Bank of Maharashtra and Syndicate Bank are immediate neighbours of each other.

    Answer: Option E


    Hence, only option E is true
  3. Who amongst the following sit exactly between B and the representative from Bank of India ?
    1. A and the representative from UCO Bank
    2. F and G
    3. H and the representative from Bank of Maharashtra
    4. H and G
    5. Representatives from Syndicate Bank and Oriental Bank of Commerce

    Answer: Option C


    Hence, answer is option C.
DIRECTIONS for the questions 9 to 10: The question below is followed by three statements numbered I, II and III. Solve the question, after taking the statements into consideration and then mark the option, which contains all the statements, which are sufficient
  1. On which day of the week starting from Monday did Suresh visit Chennai?
    1. Suresh took leave on Wednesday.
    2. Suresh visited Chennai the day after his mother's visit to his house
    3. Suresh's mother visited Suresh's house neither on Monday nor on Thursday
    1. Only II and III
    2. Only I and II
    3. Only I & III
    4. All I, II and III are required to answer the question
    5. Question cannot be answered even with all I, II and III

    Answer: Option E
    Even by using all the three statements we do not know whether Suresh visited Chennai on Saturday or Sunday
  2. How is 'go' written in a code language?
    1. 'now or never again' is written as 'tom ka na sa' in that code language.
    2. 'you come again now' is written as na ka to sa' in that code language.
    3. 'again go now or never' is written as 'na ho ka sa tom' in that code language.

    1. Only I and III
    2. Only II and III
    3. Only I & II
    4. All I, II and III are required to answer the question
    5. None of these

    Answer: Option A
    Statements I & III give us the code for ‘go’ as ‘ho’.
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